Tuesday, May 26, 2020
The Right Essay Topic For YouThere are plenty of Migration Essay Topics that you can choose from. You can choose between topics about Immigrants or Black History. However, the best one for you depends on your interests and ambitions.For students who are not too focused and serious about their studies, they can choose topics about general audience. It is a great way to broaden your horizons. There are several topics about African Americans, Spanish language and many others. On the other hand, if you are more focused, you can choose topics like Combat Veteran or Retired Military.When you choose a specific audience or a topic, you will be able to focus your subjects and lessen your lecture time. But if you choose general topics, you might find it tough to concentrate. The general topics are more common and hence have more chances to be used in all classes.College students who are not really into reading, research or writing, but just want to learn more about the subjects, can choose top ics like International topics related to education. Students who know English and want to learn more about cultural issues may go for topics like Politics, Global issues, Religion, Human rights, Globalization, and so on. These are just some of the topics that you can choose from to promote you interests.Besides these, there are also professional websites that specialize in writing. Such as, there are International Migration and Human Resource Management professionals. There are even sites that will take care of your migration essay topics for you.Even, if you are not that interested in writing, there are many organizations that will guide you on how to write your essay topics. Many are free, while others are not free.So, itis up to you if you want to write your migration essay topics from scratch or would you prefer to hire a professional. Either way, you will still have fun as you are teaching yourself something new. Make sure that you choose topics that you will enjoy writing and reading too.
Tuesday, May 19, 2020
How did WWII end the Great depression and restore prosperity? The greatest part that fully completed the Great depression was due to government spending of World War II. The financial allowance had extended, close by the gross national thing. The War organized the decrease in ordinary living that was brought on by the discouragement. Wartime era made an absence of purchaser stock as a consequence of the premium, which wage workers used to put into investment funds to help the economy. Many people have two perspectives of what finished the depression. Many imagine that President Roosevelt perspective around the New Deal finished the Great Depression without closure of unemployment. This really hurt the economy. As a major aspect of my understanding it is especially ill defined with reference to how much the New Deal had completed the Great Depression. Roosevelt contemplated the overall public and made courses on the New Deal approach to bring the economy and the organization back together in light of the way that they have gone into hopelessness. He searched for ways to enhance / change the New Deal additionally joined not not too many good rules, in any event they could have restored the American individuals trust in the economic and political framework thus kept social peace especially since it was such a difficult time for people. Many individuals did not concede to specific sections of society and facilitated the strain of misery. At the point when more prosperousShow MoreRelatedImpact Of The New Deal And Programs On The Great Depression1274 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Impact of the New Deal and programs on the Great Depression Preceding the Great Depression, the United States went through a glorious age of prosperity, with a booming market, social changes,and urbanization..America was changing. At the end of the 1920Ã¢â¬â¢s well through the 1930Ã¢â¬â¢s, America was faced with itÃ¢â¬â¢s greatest challenge yet. The 1929 stock market crash was the end to the prosperity of the Ã¢â¬Å"Roaring TwentiesÃ¢â¬ . Now the people and government were faced with a huge problem,a failing economy. PresidentRead MoreThe Growth of American Government from the End of Reconstruction and the end of World War II1513 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesthese instances to return balance to the economy and protect its citizens it served. The government changed both its approach and its size through programs initiated by the Industrial Revolution, New Deal programs during and following the Great Depression, and World War II, forever changing the relationship between Americans and their Government. During the Industrial Revolution with the massive railroad production across the country, the railroad executives were clever, strong-minded, mostlyRead MoreCause and Effects of the Great Depression4210 Words Ã |Ã 17 PagesThe Causes and Effects of The Great Depression In America Few Americans in the first months of 1929 saw any reason to question the strength and stability of the nations economy. Most agreed with their new president that the booming prosperity of the years just past would not only continue but increase, and that dramatic social progress would follow in its wake. We in America today, Herbert Hoover had proclaimed in August 1928, are nearer to the final triumph over poverty than ever beforeRead MoreUS Makes Its Presence In The World Essay3337 Words Ã |Ã 14 Pagesof liberal-developmentalism, sought to extend their technology-based economy and mass culture to nearly every part of the world.Ã¢â¬ 1 In this quote, Emily Rosenberg creatively explains how the innovation of new technology made the United States a force through the rest of the world. America showed the rest of the world how they could build a technologically advanced nation. Next, as Doctor MaGee Explains, Ã¢â¬Å" Most of the towns were the same, and competition in rural areas was high because everyone knewRead MoreInterpretations of the Origins of WWII3781 Words Ã |Ã 16 PagesInterpretations of the Origins of WWII World War Two began on September 1st, 1939, with the German invasion of Poland, and the French and British declarations of war on Germany two days later. From even before this official beginning to the war, people have continually tried to analyze what actually brought about the most destructive war in history, with many different interpretations having been put forward. Richard Overys argument is a complex one, involving a look at each of the majorRead More The United States, the United Nations, and Global Human Rights4796 Words Ã |Ã 20 Pagescooperatively with the U.S. post-WWII. However, in the last few decades, it can be seen that the values of the United States have grown apart from those of the UN. Nowadays, the United States seeks to encourage the protection of human rights and reducing human prejudices by advancing the notion of democracy and not necessarily by advocating global peace as it once had. Ironically, even though the UN aided the U.S. into its position as a world leader post-WWII, the U.S. tends to believe that theRead MoreThe Tragedy Of Hitler s Prosperity Essay2306 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesThe disaster created in Germany, one of the infamous things HitlerÃ¢â¬â¢s name associates with. He started WWII and his Nazi regime killed millions of people, which included Jews, Gypsies, Poles, disabled, Jehovah s Witnesses, homosexuals, other political enemies. This paper intends to demonstrate that there are numerous variables required in Hitler s prosperity; for the most part because of the numerous compelling occasions and conditions that encouraged him. The primary occasion being the militaryRead More Historical Events that Changed the World Essay2829 Words Ã |Ã 12 PagesChanged the World Between World War I and World War II America went through events in the political, economical and social areas that would change the face of the nation forever. The various eras- World War I, the Roaring Twenties, The Great Depression the New Deal, and World War II each had separate issues that caused changes in relation to class, gender, domestic and international affairs. Although many of these events were only effective temporarily, others still show a strong influenceRead MoreA History of African Americans after Reconstruction Essay2543 Words Ã |Ã 11 PagesHistory of African Americans after Reconstruction During reconstruction the United States was divided on social issues, presidential campaigns were won and loss on these issues during this period. The struggle for development of African Americans and how they initiated change in political, economic, educational, and social conditions to shape their future and that of the United States. (Dixon, 2000) The SouthÃ¢â¬â¢s attempts to recover from the Civil war included determining what to do with newly freed slavesRead MoreModern History.Hsc.2012 Essay25799 Words Ã |Ã 104 Pages * black Thursday November 24 1929 * the jazz age * a speakeasyyyyyyy How significant were the Republican policies in causing the great depression? The significance of the republic policies were great, they brought a lot of growth in the 20Ã¢â¬â¢s allowing the market to strive over lots of trading and the purchase of shares, but was also an unstable market, as the government had no control over what it did and was left up to the private sector almost to run the market. Entry of the United
Saturday, May 16, 2020
Within urban and rural communities, geography plays a critical role in the development of the built environment. Urban planners must rely on knowledge of geographic space when deciding how best to manage growth. As the cities of the world grow and more rural land is developed, ensuring smart growth and practical environmental management are necessary goals. Steps Before Planning and Development Can Occur Before any kind of planning and development can happen, funds must be collected from the public and a set of rules is needed to clarify the process. These prerequisites are the two active factors in planning for land use. By collecting taxes, fees and even ideas from the public, decision-makers are able to effectively provide plans for development and revitalization. Zoning regulations provide a legal framework for development. Regulations of Use of Private Land Municipalities regulate the use of private land for a variety of reasons. Designations for the use of land are provided in a municipalityÃ¢â¬â¢s master plan, which is usually intended to ensure the following. Transportation FlowEconomic DevelopmentHistoric PreservationRecreational Space/ParksEnvironmental/Wildlife Protection Businesses, manufacturers and residential communities all require specific geographic locations. Accessibility is the key. Businesses are more suitable downtown while manufacturing centers are most accessible for shipping at an interstate or a port. When designing residential developments, planners generally focus on developing close to or directly above commercial areas. Components of Planning Urban Areas The desire for urban areas is the flow of transportation. Before any development can happen, there must first be an infrastructure suitable to the needs of future growth. Infrastructure includes sewer, water, electricity, roads and floodwater management. The master plan of any urban region has the potential for guiding growth in a way that will generate a fluid movement of people and commerce, especially in emergency situations. Public investment through taxes and fees is the cornerstone for developing infrastructure. Most major urban centers have been around for a long time. Preserving the history and aesthetic of earlier developments within a city creates a more livable space and can boost tourism in the area. Tourism and livability are also boosted by growing the city around major parks and recreation areas. Water, mountains and open parks offer citizens an escape from the cityÃ¢â¬â¢s hub of activity. Central Park in New York City is a perfect example. National parks and wildlife sanctuaries are perfect examples of preservation and conservation. One of the essential parts of any plan is the ability to provide citizens with an equal opportunity. Communities cut off from urban centers by railroads, interstates or natural boundaries have difficulty in accessing employment. When planning for development and the use of land, special attention must be given to lower-income housing projects. Mixing housing for various income levels provides increased educational and opportunities for lower-income families. To facilitate the implementation of a master plan, zoning ordinances and special regulations are imposed on real-estate developers. Zoning Ordinances There are two essential parts to a zoning ordinance: Detailed maps showing land area, boundaries and the zone under which the land is categorized.Text describing in full detail each zones regulations. Zoning is used to permit some types of construction and prohibit others. In some areas, residential construction may be limited to a specific type of structure. Downtown areas may be a mixed-use of residential and commercial activity. Manufacturing centers will be zoned for construction close to the interstate. Some areas may be prohibited for development as a means of conserving green space or access to water. There may also be districts where only the historical aesthetic is allowed. Challenges are faced in the zoning process, as cities desire to eliminate blighted areas of zero growth while maintaining a diversity of interests in a geographic area. The importance of mixed-use zoning is becoming increasingly apparent in major urban areas. By allowing developers to build residential units above businesses, land use is maximized by creating a round-the-clock hub of activity. Another challenge faced by planners is the issue of socio-economic segregation. Some subdivisions strive to maintain a certain financial status by regulating the scope of housing developments. Doing this ensures that home values in the subdivision will remain above a certain level, alienating the poorer members of the community. Adam Sowder is a fourth-year senior at Virginia Commonwealth University. He is studying Urban Geography with a focus on Planning.
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
As said by Hassan Nasrallah, a political figure for Lebanon, Ã¢â¬Å"So long as there is imperialism in the world, a permanent peace is impossibleÃ¢â¬ . Throughout history the countries that have experienced imperialism from other countries have seen how it brings only conflicts and not peace. Africa has been one of the largest places to experience imperialism. Imperialism has affected Africa in many ways for a long time. However, one specific example of how imperialism brought anguish to people is the country of South Africa. An abundance of resources, but particularly diamonds, lead British businessmen and politicians to South Africa. The clash of the beliefs, traditions, and ethics of the the native blacks and whites the lead to tensions andÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The blacks were forced to live in horrible conditions and the whites made sure they would not have opportunities to leave those areas designated for them. This was the start of segregation and the start of the la ws of apartheid. The fact that the British controlled the economy in South Africa created an economic separation between the native blacks and the whites. This lead to discriminatory segregation and later when the British controlled the political power it increased the characteristics of Apartheid. Another aspect of imperialism that lead to Apartheid was that the British held the political power in South Africa. Before South Africa became independent from Britain, the British began to implement their power in South africa. In 1891 Britain declared many territories in South Africa to be within their sphere of influence (South Africa Timeline). Slowly the British began to take over of the leadership and decision making in South Africa. The blacks suffered from the decisions made by the British and the Boers declared war against Britain because they feared losing power. After Britain won the war against the Boers, they agreed to a treaty. The Treaty of Vereeniging specifically excluded black Africans from having political rights in a reorganized South Africa (South African War). The British and Boers put aside their differences and cooperated toward a common goal of whiteShow MoreRelatedThe Effects of European Imperialism on South Africa Essay1847 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesThe county of South Africa is an economically flourishing country and probably the most advanced country on the continent of Africa. However the entire continent of Africa is probably the most undeveloped part of the world. Why is South Africa so different from the rest of its continent? Karen Politis Virk explains that it is because of South AfricaÃ¢â¬â¢s developed economy and diverse population (Virk 40). South Africa has three main ethnic groups: African, Afrikaners, and the mixed race. The AfrikanersRead MoreThe Global North/South Divide1724 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesA descriptive essay on the Globla North/South divide. Explores the social, cuptural and economic differences that exist between the regions defined as the global north and the global south. The theory of the Global North and Global South is a new geopolitical perspective. It divides the world into two blocs Ã¢â¬â the industrialized countries of the global North and the poor countries of the South on the global level of analysis. While Ã¢â¬Å"Global SouthÃ¢â¬ is sometimes used as a synonym for the more familiarRead MoreEuropean Imperialism in Late 19th Century Africa1624 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages European Imperialism in Late 19th Century Africa: African Response and Effects Rafael Delatorre History 002B Professor Standish April 12, 2014 Between 1870 and 1914, European countries ceased about ninety percent of Africa. Native Africans faced political, military, and imperialism pressure from various European countries. After the end of the profitable slave trade in Africa, due to abolishing of slavery, Europeans explored forRead MoreBritish Imperialism1137 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages2015 Impact of British Imperialism In the late 1800Ã¢â¬â¢s, European nations only controlled about 10 percent of the continent of Africa, France to the north and Britain to the south (Edgar, 2008). As time goes by, other countries gain conquests, mostly in western areas of Africa. This essay will go over a few key points in history that led to the Age of Imperialism and the British colonization of Southern Africa. The essay will also identify key players in this age. Southern Africa was known for its goldRead MoreImperialism In The 19Th Century Resulted In European Countries1726 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesImperialism in the 19th century resulted in European countries using social Darwinism to justify controlling the social and cultural lives of natives in African countries.When Chinua Achebe published Things fall apart in 1958, a novel criticizing the European aspects of imperialism, his aspiration was to teach readers that Ã¢â¬Å"their past-with all its imperfections-was not one long night of savagery from which the fi rst Europeans acting on GodÃ¢â¬â¢s behalf delivered themÃ¢â¬ (Chinua Achebe on the Role of theRead MoreThe Impact of Imperialism on the Third World Essay651 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesThe Impact of Imperialism on the Third World The term imperialism carries with it many (perhaps rightfully attributed) negative connotations: slavery, subjugation, genocide, et cetera. Websters Unabridged Dictionary defines it as: The policyÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã ¦ of seekingÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã ¦ the extension of the control, dominion, or empire of a nation, as by the acquirement of new, especially distant, territory or dependencies. Now one knows what it literally is and what it may entail, and thusRead MoreCCOT And CC Essay1549 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesÃ¯ » ¿UNIT 1 /2 Ã¢â¬â 8000 bce Ã¢â¬â 600 bce, 600 bce Ã¢â¬â 600 ce Africa Compare and contrast life in foraging societies with life in agricultural societies after the Agricultural Revolution Identify two key changes in early African history that resulted in a new period in the history of the region The Middle East Analyze the political changes in the Middle East from the Agricultural Revolution to 600 c.e. Compare and contrast the basic features of TWO of the following religious systems prior to 600 c.e. PolytheismRead MoreChinua Achebe s Things Fall Apart1094 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Western views of African culture have often been those of disdain. Some books about Africa have set out to change the typical Western views of African culture, but others have upheld these negative views of African culture. Through each of their novels, Alan Paton, Chinua Achebe, and Joseph Conrad approach the topic of African culture and Western views on it differently. Chinua Achebe shows through his book, Things Fall Apart, that he is disapproving of Western views towards African culture. ThisRead MoreThe Theoretical Success Of Decolonization783 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesnew era of politics reflected the decreased importance of a imperial European theatre and its hierarchical society. It was during this period that the notion of imperialism became associated with opprobrium. The formation of the UN and their charter on self-determination and human rights indicated an incompatibility with European imperialism. The bipolar system of international society determined that decolonization was the best key to ensure the UN new charters and to maintain global sustainabilityRead MoreNationalism in Europe Essay913 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesthat it creates a stable and enduring state. Nationalism is tied to patriotism, and it is the driving force behind the identity of a culture. Nationalism had many effects in Europe from 1815, The Congress of Vienna and beyond. In the following essay I will describe many of the consequences of nationalism on European identity, as well as some of the conflicts that it created. Nationalism was strongly endorsed by the middle class, including intellectuals, professors, students and journalists
CONSUMERISM ESSAY Whoever said money canÃ¢â¬â¢t buy happiness? Today, the argument can be made that happiness and consumerism are directly linked. It is fair to say that happiness is a relative term for different people. However, the obtaining of new and shiny things has become such a part of everyday life, that it provides happiness when people are purchasing something new, and causes sadness when no buying is taking place. For many, it seems to be a protective coating against the harsh realities of everyday stresses from a job, or family life. In fact, the buying frenzy of modern life has become so prevalent, and people have collected so much material, that self storage facilities are becoming one of the most successful andÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Admittedly, the priceless works of art, homes, helicopters and other things he buys are out of the reach of the average person. He has taken consumerism to a new level, and has gained wide acclaim as a result of it. Gone are the d ays when the fastest runner, the best speller or the most talented golfer were the icons of the culture. Today, those with the biggest and most expensive toys win, or so it seems. In the modern society, the only time that talented athletes are revered is when they are seen in commercials using the latest cellular telephone or smiling on a box of sugar coated cereal. There is much that can be said about happiness as an element of pop culture as it relates to consumerism. Within the dollar-driven world of modern America, happiness is often measured by the size of the vehicle in ones driveway, or the memory that their I-Pod contains. Happiness is a commodity that seems to be able to be bought as an accessory with every item that is piled into the home of people from coast to coast. The instant gratification that comes with material possessions, and the fact that credit cards make instant gratification through ownership possible, makes the pursuit of happiness essentially a financial tr ansaction at the local mall. As people become more and more scattered due to work and family commitments,Show MoreRelatedConsumerism Essay1620 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesConsumerism Ã¢â¬â Bruce Dawe Poetry || 2009 Every society has mythology. In some societies, itÃ¢â¬â¢s religion. Our religion is consumerism. As we are constantly exposed to mass media and popular culture in our modern society, the insidious nature of consumerism has allowed it to penetrate into every aspect of our lives, dictating our very beliefs, values and wants. Nearly every individual in our society subconsciously conforms to the shallow and superficial mindset that characterises our consumerist cultureRead MoreEssay on Effects on Consumerism742 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pages Consumerism is a description of societyÃ¢â¬â¢s lifestyle in which many people embrace to achieve their goals by acquiring goods that they clearly do not need (Stearns, 7). The idea that the market is shaped by the choice of the consumersÃ¢â¬â¢ needs and wants can be defined as a consumer sovereignty (Goodwin, Nelson, Ackerman, Weisskopf, 2). This belief is based on the assumption that the consumer knows what it wants. Contrary to this logic, marketers convince us that the consumer does not know what theyRead MoreModern Society and Consumerism Essay1035 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesConsumerism is defined as Ã¢â¬Å"the theory that an increasing consumption of goods is economically desirableÃ¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"ConsumerismÃ¢â¬ ). Its primary motivation is the idea that if one does not have all that money can buy, then he or she cannot be happy. This school of thought has become an integral part of modern society not only in the United States, but internationally as well. While the exact s ource of this term and ideology are debatable, it is certain now that consumerism is here to stay, intertwining withRead MoreEssay The Effects of Consumerism on Adults and Children1085 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe Effects of Consumerism on Adults and Children Consumers are creatively successful when designing a persuasive advertisement for increased profitability. In a normal household, itÃ¢â¬â¢s the parents who have the financial obligations; therefore, it would be wise to grab their attention. On the other hand, it takes less than a strategic mind targeting children because the simplest things fascinate them. Businesses have been perfecting commercials to be effective on the viewers, for years. AlthoughRead MoreEssay on Criticisms of Consumerism and Materialism in Fight Club1134 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesand powerful criticism of consumerism, Ã¢â¬Å"echoing countless social critics who bemoan the emasculating effects of consumer culture on once self-defined and autonomous individualsÃ¢â¬ (Robinson, 2011). The film is focuses primarily on the life of the [unnamed] narrator, Ã¢â¬Å"an exhausted and numb narcoleptic/insomniac suffering from the failed promise of self-fulfillment in a brand-name, corporate driven consumer societyÃ¢â¬ (David, 2002, p. 504.). Completely immersed in consumerism the narrator obsesses overRead More The Biological and Psychological Drives Behind Consumerism Essay945 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pages we often erroneously buy products succumbing to strange compulsion. It is a power of consumerism. The term consumerism is defined as the tendency of people to identify strongly with products they consume, particularly of name brands and status-enhancing appeal. Then, how does the power of consumerism win over our rationality? In this situation, we pretend to regard the primary cause of the impulse consumerism is the commercial seductions. The truth, however, is that the shopping indulgences doesRead MoreEssay about The Effects of Consumerism on Adults and Children1937 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesThe Effects of Consumerism on Adults and Children Businesses are creatively successful when designing a persuasive advertisement for increased profitability. The most popular ways of broadcasting a product are through radio, internet, billboards, newspapers, and television being the most effective. Many adults watch TV and they are usually the ones with the paycheck, so commercials are aimed toward them. On the other hand, it takes less than a strategic mind targeting children because they are fascinatedRead More How to Escape from American Consumerism and Materialism Essay2096 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesHow to Escape from American Consumerism and Materialism We all know we live in a highly materialistic culture in which conspicuous consumption governs much of our lives. We strive to acquire goods which will define us to ourselves and to others and somehow satisfy our human need to justify existence. At the end of the day, we also all know that thereÃ¢â¬â¢s a trap built into the system: the more you consume, the more you are pressed to consume more because whatever satisfaction possession of thingsRead More Shop Until You Drop: The Stigma About Consumerism Essay2044 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagespeople consume for pleasure. The act of consuming goods may allow one to fit in, feel confident, or participate socially in shopping culture. Consumerism has become a universal behaviour amongst most people and groups. According to Sharon Boden, consumption is affected by both external and internal constraints and expectations (150). I argue that consumerism and consumption is no longer an accurate indicator of a personÃ¢â¬â¢s actual status and w ealth. As a society, we have increased accessibility toRead MoreHow Graphic Design Has Had On Popular Culture And Consumerism1700 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIn this summative essay I would like to explore and analyse the influence that Graphic design has had on popular culture and consumerism. Graphic design can be defined as Ã¢â¬Å"the art and practice of planning and projecting ideas and experiences with visual and textual content. The form of the communication can be physical or virtual, and may include images, words, or graphic forms.Ã¢â¬ (aiga.org) Designers are problem solvers and it is their job to come up with a suitable solution to a problem. They have
Question: Discuss about theBlack Lives Matter. Answer: Introduction Black lives matter is one of the major civil rights movement in the United States at the moment. The campaign started to raise the consciousness of injustice that was being inflicted upon African Americans by the authorities. The movement was founded by Patrisse Cullors, Alicia Garza, and Opal Tometi who started the movement as a hashtag in the social media (Anon, 2017). It later gains much followership that it became a real civil movement. The movement gained national recognition after it moved from social media to the streets in the protest of two young black men who were shot by the police without any proper and legal reason (Eichelberge, Doll, Ekpo, and Zerden, 2016). This social-political movement aims at empowering African Americans that they are entailed to safety regardless of their skin color. Identifying the Problems/Issues the Campaign Aims to Address The black lives matter movement was as a result of a white policeman who killed an unarmed teenage in Missouri. This was an open manifestation of how the black community has been discriminated on the basis of being criminals and that they endanger lives of any person epically the white. The plan aims to address the issue of broken window policing which was formulated by the security authorities (Filho, Beltrn-Snchez, and Kawachi, 2014). These policies suggest that minor crimes should be dealt with firmly in the attempt to put a halt to major crimes. This implies that issue of minor violence such as street fighting, using of hard illegal drugs and breaking of minor laws such as traffic will attract extremely strict rules in the court of law. This policy evidently aims at those low-income earners who are majorly the black community. The movement aims at achieving the use of community oversight rather than police deciding the consequences that unethical police officers face (Garca, and Sharif, 2015). It is believed that will help justice be realized for the misconduct of the police officers. Black lives matter movement calls for more training of the police officers so as to enable them not be racial biased. The movement aims to achieve the status of independently investigating and prosecuting misconduct of police officers (Bradford, 2016). The movement believes that they are not biased and that there will be no window of the accused police to bribe of be favored by the disciplinary committee of the police. Defining the Campaign Goals/Objectives It is important to understand that this campaign dubbed as black lives matter has gained an international outlook where all people of color especially the black in the United States or Europe have embraced. One of the goals of this movement is to ensure that the black liberation is realized (Goldberg, 2015). At present, institutionalized racism has taken over the direct racism that was there before. This group wants to achieve the goals at equipping all black people of the institutionalized racism that exist. Black lives matter group focuses on those who are marginalized within the black liberation movement so as to avoid the state-sanctioned discrimination against the black people. This will largely prevent the wrongful incarnation of many black men and women. It is evident that this movement mission is to forceful remove racial biases from the police authorities (Nelson, 2016). Changing the way people see things and behave require a significant amount of time. It is for this reason , the movement has a mission of educating the black community especially the young men on how to behave around the police. The most important educative ideas that the black lives matter movement has been able to instill to black people, is to educate them on the right way to behave (Williams, 2017). This means that the group ensures that to avoid the black community gaining the eye of the police officers, they should ensure that they engage with income generating activities that are not in conflict with the law. How did the Campaign Establish Credibility as an Activist? Activists are the ones who reaped big from the cause of action of black lives matter movement. It is very pleasing for an individual activist to realize that something which started as a mere hashtag has attracted international attention. The credibility of an activist will be able to be established because of the massive support that such a movement receives. This is because this campaign is focusing on the issues that affect many of the black people and that a lot of the issue has been spearhead by someone so as to publicize it in the view of achieving a solution. For an activist who has taken the responsibility to save the black community from police brutality and discrimination and gets a huge support, the credibility of such an activist can be deemed as that which is beyond reproach. Developing the Strategy One of the strategies of black lives matter is based on communication. This means that communication is one way that helps this movement to advance in its ideas. This is because every action of the movement needs to be manifested for the public to see. This will keep the movement alive as people will realize that their problems are being handled and that they should continue participating in any call of action. Another strategy is to ensure that people who are directly affected by police brutality are mobilized, and they present their personal account of the problem so as to depict an inclusive movement which clearly understands the problem that they are trying to address (Sowell, T. 2016). Besides, the critical conversation by the people who are mobilized will in turn be taken to the highest political office such as the white house for a better solution. However, some of the strategies that can be applied to this campaigned can fail. It is imperative that a fail fast learn fast approach to be used. This is because each state and city has a unique problem which cannot be solved by the same solutions. This means that each strategy that is applied should be tailored to depict the type of every type of people who may have a different type of police brutality. The issue of discrimination black people by the police will remain a thorny issue. It is until a stronger political strategy to be used to as to avoid having institutionalized racism to be scrapped off. Consider the strategy maps below; References Eichelberger, K.Y., Doll, K., Ekpo, G.E. Zerden, M.L. 2016, "Black Lives Matter: Claiming a Space for Evidence-Based Outrage in Obstetrics and Gynecology", American Journal of Public Health, vol. 106, no. 10, pp. 1771-1772. Filho, A.D.P.C., Beltrn-Snchez, H. Kawachi, I. 2014, "Racial Disparities in Life Expectancy in Brazil: Challenges From a Multiracial Society",American Journal of Public Health,vol. 104, no. 11, pp. 2156-62. Garca, J.J. Sharif, M.Z. 2015, "Black Lives Matter: A Commentary on Racism and Public Health",American Journal of Public Health,vol. 105, no. 8, pp. E27-E30. Goldberg, J. 2015,A Matter of Black Lives, Atlantic Media, vol. 316, no. 2I, pp. 70-76,78-80. Nelson, A. 2016, "The Longue Dure of Black Lives Matter",American Journal of Public Health,vol. 106, no. 10, pp. 1734-1737. Sowell, T. 2016, "It's not the black lives that matter nearly as much as the black votes",The Enterprise,vol. 45, no. 50, pp. 12.
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Readiness: Changes Within an Organizational. Answer: Introduction: Readiness for change in an organization can be defined as the psychological condition in which members of an organization feel completely committed to an implementation of a change and their combined abilities to perform the actions involved in the change. Organizational or corporate readiness for change is considered to be a critical step into a successful implementation of a comprehensive and a complex change within an organization. Change management experts have developed strategies that aid in readiness for change, and this aims at eliminating the rigidness in the mindsets of the people within the organization and promoting their desire to change and accommodate change (Brian, 2009). Organizational preparedness for change is a joint function of the extent to which the members of the organization value the change and how they appraise the three key factors of change implementation which include; task demands, the availability of resources and situational factors. When the organiza tional preparedness for change is high, the members of the organization are more likely to initiate the change, exhibit greater effort to ensure the success of the change process, show greater persistence and behave in a more cooperative manner. The combined efforts of the members of the organization will lead to a more effective and a successful change implementation. Organizational preparedness for change is a multilevel and multiunit undertaking. The measurement of the readiness for change can be done in terms of more present or less present in the individuals, department, group, unit or the whole organization at large. The measurement can differ across the various levels or groups. The analysis is undertaken by considering the psychological and behavioral preparedness of these units to take action. For successful implementation of a complex organizational change, there must be the involvement of the all the members of the organization. The overall commitment of the various members of the organization to drive the change is paramount and crucial in ensuring that the change is implemented and implemented successfully. Experts claim that members of an organization can commit themselves to a change for various reasons, one of the reason may be because they have to (the members have no choice), because they want to (the members value the change) or because they feel that they ought to (the members feel obliged to). The commitment that is based on want to has always bore most successful results in the drive to change. Organizational preparedness for change demands a shared and a combined sense of readiness which is a difficult thing to achieve. The difficulty in having a shared sense of preparedness or readiness is the explanation for the failure to generate sufficient organizational readiness for change which translates to problems or even the outright failure during the implementation of a complex organizational change. Among the several factors that motivational theory proposes as determinants that promote preparedness for change, one is, change valence which implies the value that the members of an organization place on the impending change. The more the value that the members place on the change, the more the desire they will feel to contribute to the actions involved in the implementation of the change (Finch, 2012). Change efficacy is another condition that promotes readiness for change. Change efficacy is a factor of how much the members of an organizational appraise the three determinants of the implementation of change which includes task to be done, availability of resources and situational factors during the change process. Implementation capability partly depends on knowing what courses of action are necessary, the kinds of resources needed and how the activities involved in the implementation should be sequenced. For a successful implementation of change, there should be a match between the task required and the available resources be it financial, human, material and informational resources. The organization and its members should consider the situational factors such as the available time and the internal political environment when implementing the change. Managers within the organization have a critical and a crucial role to play in the implementation of a comprehensive change within the organization. The managers or the management of the organization initiate the change idea and then communicate the idea and the parameters surrounding it to the other members of the organization. The managers should operate as the pioneers of the change and put much effort into showing the other members of the organization the importance of the change as well as promote the outcome benefits of the change process (Higgs Aitken, 2009). The role of the manager should be to motivate the rest of the members to initiate and engage themselves in the actions that are involved in the change process. During the change process, the managers should work towards reconciling the various motivations of the cross-cultural members with the aim of having a combined motivation to drive the change. It is the role of the managers to manage the resistance to change which is a standard issue when it comes to change implementation within any organizational setup. The managers should also operate as the change coaches to the rest of the employees (Burghall, Grant, Morgan, 2014). It is the role of the managers to explain the stages of the change process to rest of the members and answer their concerns at every stage. The managers should be the advocates of the change as well as liaison persons during the change process within the organization in that they will demonstrate and provide support to the rest of the members. In conclusion, preparedness for change is a shared or a combined psychological state of the members of an organization whereby the members of an organization feel committed and dedicated to the implementation of an organizational change and feel confident in their collective capabilities to accomplish the change. For a successful implementation of change within an organization and for producing the anticipated results, collective behavior change is necessary. The behavior change is based on the collective commitment to the change which contributes to the successful implementation of the change and the generation of the expected outcomes at the end ( Greener Hughes, 2006). This paper demonstrates the three determinants of the readiness for change which include the task demands, resource availability and the present situation at the time when the change process is in progress. The paper also describes the various conditions that promote the readiness for change and these conditions in clude change valence, contextual factors, and change efficacy. The managers according to this paper take up the roles of being the advocate for the change, liaison people, the communicator of the change and the change process, the coach and the resistance managers. For the successful implementation of the change, all the members of the organization must be unified and work together as a team. 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